Avicennia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Vierh. australasica is a many-branched woody shrub or small tree favouring tidal flats of harbours and estuaries.It is easily recognized by its bushy growth with opposite fleshy leaves and aerial roots (pneumatophores) which rise vertically from the mud. Avicennia marina f. – gray mangrove. Sceura marina Forssk. Another mangrove system is found even further south (500 km) at Bunbury. As in other widespread mangrove genera, there are different species with non-overlapping distributions in the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific ocean basins. – gray mangrove. I have never seen a diseased tree of this species. Unusually among mangroves, these trees can exude excess salt through their leaves, and it is not uncommon to find salt crystals adhering to the leaves. This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. Statistics. You have a small, cold, water-wise garden? Raimondo et al. )J.Everett 1994. pronounced: av-ih-SEN-ee-uh mar-EE-nuh subspecies aw-strah-LAY-see-kuh (Acanthaceae — the black-eyed Susan family) common name: grey mangrove. The bark has been used for tanning and for the preparation of a brown dye. Duke, N.C. 1991. Distribution.  The species is also found in Somalia.. Alice Campbell and Peter Gasson, Royal Botanic Gardens - Kew Avicennia has a wide geographical distribution, with members found in intertidal estuaries along many of the world’s tropical and warm temperate coasts. Struik, Cape Town. The increase of Avicennia is however a symptom of a more serious issue, that is the impact of increased sedimentation rates within harbours whose catchments have been seriously degraded and/or deforested. gray mangrove: AVMAM2: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Avicennia marina Name Synonyms Avicennia alba var. Avicennia bicolor Standl. Grey mangrove is a highly variable tree, with a number of ecotypes, and in forms closely resembling other species. Bakh. marina autonym. Aeg.-Arab. australasica (Walp. Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae). Palmer, E. & Pitman, N. 1973. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Curiously, experiments at the then University of Durban-Westville (G.S. Species name: Mangroves Scientific name: Avicennia marina Locally known as: Gurm. A bird in Muthupet.JPG 2,288 × 1,712; 793 KB. Australian Systematic Botany 4: 299-324. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) These allow the plant to absorb oxygen, which is deficient in its habitat. It is distributed along Africa's east coast, south-west, south and south-east Asia, and Australia. The leaves are thick, 5 to 8 cm (2.0 to 3.1 in) long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or grey, with very small matted hairs on the surface below. The results can also be downloaded as a CSV file (Unicode UTF-8 encoding).. See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions. A numbered check-list of trees shrubs and noteworthy lianes indigenous to Kenya. Linnaeus, C. 1747. However, other early explorers sailed to the Caribbean, and A. germinans (L.) L. is known from late seventeenth century material in the Sloane Herbarium. 14 plant name records match your search criteria Avicennia marina.The results are below. It is a common and often dominant constituent of mangrove swamps (usually the inland fringes of mangrove associations), and is also a pioneer of new mud banks; sea level. Vierh. & Pammenter, N.W. Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae). Red List of South African Plants 2009. Bakh. The Kiswahili name Uchu (coastal Kenyan) and Mtswi (Giriyama) are … SAPPI What's in a Name? It is a pioneer in muddy soil conditions with a pH value of 6.5 to 8.0, but is intolerant of shade. With that background it is hardly surprising that I have never seen nor heard of anyone trying to grow the white mangrove in a garden. Extensive underground root system with 'pencil roots' (pneumatophores or breathing roots) up to 90 mm long, sticking up out of the mud in dense stands spreading out from tree. This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. http://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T178828A7619457.en, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Fruit a green, oval, two-valved capsule 20-25 mm diam. It is one of the few mangroves found in the arid regions of the coastal Arabian Peninsula, mainly in sabkha environments in the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Oman, as well as in similar environments on both side of the Red Sea (in Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Eritrea, and Sudan), and Qatar and southern Iran along the Persian Gulf coast. The flowers range from white to a golden yellow colour, are less than 1 cm across, and occur in clusters of three to five. Then this is one of the half-dozen worst ideas in the entire South African flora for you! Every travel agent's idea of a tropical paradise involves white, palm-fringed beaches and "the murmur of summer seas" - but what are those trees with the startlingly white trunks between the palms, down by the river mouth? Avicennia marina (Forssk.) As with other Avicennia species, it has aerial roots (pneumatophores); these grow to a height of about 20 cm (5 in), and a diameter of 1 cm. latifolia Moldenke Avicennia balanophora Stapf & Moldenke ex Moldenke Avicennia mindanaense Elmer Avicennia sphaerocarpa Stapf Avicennia sphaerocarpa Stapf ex Ridl. marina. A number of botanists have proposed division of the species, but currently three subspecies are recognised: Data related to Avicennia marina at Wikispecies Bauhin, C. 1623. Mabberley's Plant-book, edn 3. Linnaeus, C. 1754. The name gymnorhiza comes from two Greek words "gymno" naked and "rhiza" root, naked root which refers to the exposed knee roots of Bruguiera gymnorhiza emerging from the ground. Avicennia marina; Media in category "Avicennia marina" The following 86 files are in this category, out of 86 total. This produces a large, fleshy seed, often germinating on the tree and falling as a seedling. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Genera Plantarum edn 5. Grey Mangrove, White Mangrove. Duke, N., Kathiresan, K., Salmo III, S.G., Fernando, E.S., Peras, J.R., Sukardjo, S., Miyagi, T., Ellison, J., Koedam, N.E., Wang, Y., Primavera, J., Jin Eong, O., Wan-Hong Yong, J. marina: AVMAM: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Their last landfall in the Atlantic was Madeira, the Azores or the Canaries, from where they went almost to Brazil (but not landing anywhere) before turning south-eastwards and rounding the Cape. var. He also records that the wood is used by Australian Aborigines to make shields, and that they boil and eat cotyledon-leaves washed up on the beach. comm.) Van Rheede tot Drakenstein, H. 1678--1693. Read on and find out. Gomes e Sousa, A. Reference taxon from World Plants in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. ); mangal, towozi, txomahati (Xironga); isikhungathi (isiXhosa, isiZulu) - these from Van Wyk et al. Gillett, J.B. & McDonald, P.G. APNI*. APNI* Description: Small tree or shrub up to 9 m high, branches, inflorescences and lower surface of leaves greyish or silvery; pneumatophores numerous and projecting from the shallow lateral roots. The habit is a gnarled arrangement of multiple branches. Dictionary of names for southern African trees. Pinax Theatri Botanici. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Name . J.Everett APNI* . 1977. alba (Blume) Bakh. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. Government Printer, Nairobi. Their fleshy, leathery leaves are opposite and entire and feature salt-exuding glands on the upper and lower surfaces. Mabberley (2008) reports that the timber, like that of many mangroves, is resistant to termites. And finally, being a mangrove this tree needs prodigious amounts of water. Moistened seeds could be heaped into stone ovens, sealed with bark, baked for two hours then soaked in a pool dug in sand before eating. Another variety, Avicennia marina var. & Van Wyk, P. 1997. The Kiswahili name Uchu (coastal Kenyan) and Mtswi (Giriyama) are recorded on herbarium specimens, as are many other vernacular names within its vast range. As with all proper mangroves, the seeds germinate on the tree, and what is dropped and dispersed is actually a seedling. Berjak, P., Campbell, G.K., Huckett, B.I. Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. Vierh. Avicennia marina subsp. Vierh. Soil requirements for this tree are unknown, but probably include anaerobic mud. Northern Aborigines learned to harvest this starchy food by leaching out distasteful tannins and bitter substances which are the plant's chemical defence. White mangrove grows on the inland side of tropical and subtropical coastal swamps, along the east coast of Africa from about East London to Sudan (Red Sea coast), on the coasts of Arabia, India, northern Australia and on every island in the Indian Ocean. It has smooth light-grey bark made up of thin, stiff, brittle flakes. Bakh. Common names Scientific Name: Avicennia marina Arabic Name: Qurm قرم IUCN Red List Endangered Status: Least Concern The grey mangrove (Avicennia marina) is named after Avicenna or Ibn Sina (AD 980-1037), one of the most significant Islamic philosopher-scientists.It is a mangrove tree which can thrive in both high salinity and freshwater habitats.. Strelitzia 25. Results. – gray mangrove : References Expert(s): Expert: Notes: ... in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Avicennia : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Avicennia ... Common Name: Scientific Name Avicennia marina var. This can travel far and wide propelled by wind and ocean currents, and so it is to be expected that trees are found wherever a suitable habitat exists.
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