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Tropical rainforest, also spelled tropical rain forest, luxuriant forest found in wet tropical uplands and lowlands around the Equator. Tropical rainforests cover less than 3% of Earth’s area; still, they are the habitat of more than half our planet’s terrestrial animal species. Scientists have counted about 100 to 300 species in one 2 1/2-acre (1-hectare) area in South America. A number of the fruits we eat every year are pollinated by the bats that call the rain forest home. Fact 28: More than 56,000 square miles of natural forest are lost each year. Fact 11: 70% or more of the plants that are used to treat cancer are found only in the tropical rainforests on the planet. Fact 13: The Amazon rainforest is the largest tropical rainforest in the world. Fun Facts About The Tropical Rainforest First of all, there are many different types of rainforests. They also cool and regulate local micro-climates limiting the Earth’s reflectivity that stabilizes ocean currents, wind, and rainfall patterns. Fact 17: If the rainforests continue to decline in the way that they have been, then about 5-10 percent of their species will go extinct every ten years. (And Ways to Dispose of), Are Keys Recyclable? Of the 13 angiosperm families generally recognized as the most primitive, all but two—Magnoliaceae and Winteraceae—are overwhelmingly tropical in their present distribution. Lowland primary forest, often characterized by more than five forest tier levels, is usually taller and more diverse than montane forest. (And 5 Ways to Dispose of), Is Junk Mail Recyclable? Fact 23: The average temperature of the tropical rainforest remains between 70 and 85° F. Fact 24: Timber, coffee, cocoa and many medicinal products are few of the products produced by rainforests, including those used in the treatment of cancer. These various plants and animals provide food and nutrients, and have, for thousands of years, been used as medical plants to improve health conditions. Fact 30: Due to large scale deforestation worldwide, only 2.6 million square miles of tropical rainforests remain. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Landforms in the rainforest include valleys, rolling hills, old river basins, and level areas. Scientists estimate that about 15% of the world’s freshwater flows from the Amazon Basin to be exact. Compounds in rainforest plants are already used to treat malaria, heart disease, arthritis, bronchitis, diabetes, dysentery, glaucoma, hypertension, muscle tension, rheumatism, and tuberculosis, among other health problems. The Elevation of a rainforest can be at almost any elevation. Tropical rainforests supplied a rich variety of food and other resources to indigenous peoples, who, for the most part, exploited this bounty without degrading the vegetation or reducing its range to any significant degree. Grab an umbrella and some bug spray because we're about to forage for 25 abundant facts about THE AMAZON RAINFOREST! A tropical rain forest has more kinds of trees than any other area in the world. The tropical rainforest of Africa was the habitat in which the ancestors of humans evolved, and it is where the nearest surviving human relatives—chimpanzees and gorillas—live still. This layer of vegetation prevents much of the sunlight from reaching the ground. Tropical rainforest ecosystems are the longest living ecosystems on the Earth … Seventy percent of the plants in the rainforest are trees. RAINFOREST FACTS. Tropical rainforests represent the oldest major vegetation type still present on the terrestrial Earth. The tropical rainforest temperature is around 86 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and at night it drops to about 68 to 77 degrees Fahrenheit. Fact 40: Most of the animals living in tropical rainforest live in the trees. The tropical rainforest is a hot, moist biome where it rains all year long. Here you will find 45+ remarkable facts about the tropical rainforest that you may not have known previously. While 25% of Western pharmaceuticals are derived from rainforest ingredients, less that 1% of these tropical trees and plants have been tested by scientists. Fact 18: 90% of the world’s forests is in underdeveloped or developed countries around the world. Fact 22: A lot of the oxygen supply that we have throughout the world is supplied by the tropical rainforests because of the number of trees in the tropical rainforest biome, even though they are miles and miles away. Fact 35: About 70% of the plants identified by the U.S. National Cancer Institute, which can be used in the treatment of cancer, are found only in rainforests. The weather in the tropical rainforest is rainy yet pleasant all year round, day … True rainforests are typically found between 10 degrees north and south of the equator (see map); they are a sub-set of the tropical forest biome that occurs roughly within the 28-degree latitudes (in the equatorial zone between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn Fact 5: There are two different types of rainforests, and they include both temperate and tropical. Fact 26: Trees in tropical rainforests are so dense that it takes approximately 10 minutes for the rainfall to reach the ground from the canopy. The droppings of birds in the tropical rainforest grow into new plants. Retreat of the rainforests was particularly rapid during the period beginning 5,000,000 years ago leading up to and including the Pleistocene Ice Ages, or glacial intervals, that occurred between 2,600,000 and 11,700 years ago. Rainforests add water to the atmosphere through the process of transpiration, by which plants release water during photosynthesis from their leaves. The Tropical Rainforest has a variety of plants and animals. Also, there are vast amounts of species residing in the tropical rainforest. In the north is a tropical rainforest, whereas in the south some of the mountains are covered in snow and ice for the entire year. The water rainforests produce is evaporated and then used as rain in other areas. If you don’t know too much about tropical rainforests, then you will probably be surprised to find that there are a few little known facts out there about them. Floral kingdoms, subkingdoms, and major regions of the world. The tropical rainforests are important for a number of reasons to humans. Fact 20: There are a lot of different types of animals that can be found in the rainforest. Tropical rainforests are the most biologically diverse terrestrial ecosystems in the world. Over 30,000 species of plants have discovered, while another 20,000 are said to be undiscovered. In the middle latitudes of both hemispheres, belts of atmospheric high pressure developed. A true environmentalist by heart ❤️. Jungles are always found close to the equator. Some even have a thickness that equals the circumference of a human being. Climates fluctuated throughout this time, forcing vegetation in all parts of the world to repeatedly migrate, by seed dispersal, to reach areas of suitable climate. Orchids, a type of epiphyte plant grows on the surface of other plants in the tropical rainforest. This is because cooler temperatures led to a reduction in the rate of evaporation of water from, in particular, the surface of the oceans, which led in turn to less cloud formation and less precipitation. Fact 41: There are some tropical rainforests that have been around since dinosaurs roamed the Earth. A walk through a tropical rainforest in Tamborine National Park, Queensland, Australia, with a stop at Curtis Falls. (And Ways to Reuse Old Bottles), 13 Amazing Plants That Do Not Need Drainage Holes, Do Deer Eat Petunias? The top layer or canopy contains giant trees that grow to heights of 75 m (about 250 ft) or more. Associate Professor of Geography and Planning, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales. Omissions? Alternating intervals of climatic amelioration led to repeated range expansion, most recently from the close of the last glacial period about 10,000 years ago. While it is possible that even earlier forms existed that await discovery, the oldest angiosperm fossils—leaves, wood, fruits, and flowers derived from trees—support the view that the earliest angiosperms were rainforest trees. Rainforests are home to half of all the living animal and plant species on the planet. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. A 2017 study published in the journal Science reveals that tropical forests that once served as the Earth’s most massive carbon sinks now release more carbon than they absorb, triggered by deforestation caused by humans. If you have learned about it, whether from school or other sources, then you may know most of this information, if not all of it. The rainforest is … As the rainforest species disappear, so do many possible cures for life-threatening diseases. Fact 33: At the current rate of depletion, it is estimated that 5–10 percent of tropical rainforest species will be lost per decade. Huge creepers twine themselves around the trunks of trees. In fact, you probably lose a football pitch vanished every six seconds, which means over 80,000 football fields worth of rainforest each and every day. Fact 37: Tropical forests have become net carbon emitters. According to research published in the International Journal of Oncology, more than 60% of anticancer drugs originate from natural sources, including rainforest plants. By examining the climate and characteristics of these regions, we gain a better understanding of their importance to the rest of the world and maybe we will put an end to these problems. In these areas new plant forms evolved from tropical rainforest ancestors to cope with seasonally dry weather, forming tropical deciduous forests. As the world climate cooled in the middle of the Cenozoic, it also became drier. Around 40% to 75% of all biotic species are indigenous to the rainforests. Fact 42: The variety of plants in rainforests is amazing. North of the Equator, there is a small amount of rainforest on America's Western Coast. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? As tropical rainforests are one of the oldest biomes on Earth, they have a great variety of animals living there. After all, it really just takes everyone doing their part. The tropical rainforest is very rainy, as its name implies. The rainfall gets at least 250cm and can reach up to 400-450 inches in one year. Fact 32: Variety of animals including snakes, frogs, birds, insects, cougars, chameleons, turtles, Bengal tigers, mountain gorillas, orangutans, jaguars and many more magnificent animals are found in tropical rainforests. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Of particular interest is the fact that the majority of flowering plants displaying the most primitive characteristics are found in rainforests (especially tropical rainforests) in parts of the Southern Hemisphere, particularly South America, northern Australia and adjacent regions of Southeast Asia, and some larger South Pacific islands. Updates? (And How to Keep Them Away), Do Deer Eat Peonies? A biome is an area with very distinctive plants and animals that have adapted to life in that particular environment. There are hundreds of other interesting facts out there about rainforests that may surprise you as well. Further evidence comes from the growth forms of the most primitive surviving angiosperms: all 13 of the most primitive angiosperm families consist of woody plants, most of which are large trees. If we lose the rainforest, we eliminate the possibility of discovering new types of cancer treatments. The first angiosperms are thought to have been massive, woody plants appropriate for a rainforest habitat. Fact 10: Within four square miles of tropical rainforest, you will find 1500 flowering plant species, 750 types of trees, and many of these plants can be helpful in combating cancer. Fact 2: Rainforests are the forests that receive a high amount of rainfall. Smaller areas of tropical rainforest occur elsewhere in the tropics wherever climate is suitable. In Central American rainforests, rival strawberry poison dart frogs might wrestle for up to 20 minutes! Today large areas of tropical rainforest, such as Amazonia, have developed as a result of this relatively recent expansion. The rainforests will receive around 98 to 177 inches of rainfalls or 250 to 450 cm of rainfalls every year. An alternative explanation for this geographic pattern is that in the Southern Hemisphere, especially on islands, there are more refugia—i.e., isolated areas whose climates remained unaltered while those of the surrounding areas changed, enabling archaic life-forms to persist. Tropical rainforests have high levels of biodiversity. Fact 1: Rainforests only cover around 2 percent the total surface area of the Earth and about 6% of the Earth‘s land surface, but about 50 percent of all known species of the plants and animals on the earth live in the rainforest. Only later—during the middle of the Paleogene Period, about 40 million years ago—did cooler, drier climates develop, leading to the development across large areas of other vegetation types. The principal areas of tropical deciduous forest (or monsoon forests) are in India, the Myanmar–Vietnam–southern coastal China region, and eastern Brazil, with smaller areas in South and Central America north of the Equator, the West Indies, southeastern Africa, and northern Australia. You can find tropical rainforests in Central America, South America, Mexico, Asia, Africa, Australia. Regrettably, tropical rainforests and tropical deciduous forests are now being destroyed at a rapid rate in order to provide resources such as timber and to create land that can be used for other purposes, such as cattle grazing (see deforestation). The level of humidity and density of the vegetation give the ecosystem a unique water and nutrient cycle. Sidebar: Status of the World’s Tropical Forests. Fact 34: Most of the tropical rainforests, approximately 57 percent, are located in developing countries. The tropical rainforests are the ones that are most commonly found around the world. Everyone can make a difference, and when you think about it – you have to be the change that you would like to see in the world, and if you do this and set a great example, others will do the same. Fact 29: Insects make up the majority of living creatures in the tropical rainforest. Fact 10: Within four square miles of tropical rainforest, you will find 1500 flowering plant species, 750 types of trees, and many of these plants can help combat cancer. A tree known as the idiot fruit grows in Australia‘s Daintree rainforest. Fact 7: A fifth of our freshwater is found in tropical rainforests. It isn’t just the oxygen that helps us breathe that we need from the rainforests. Deforestation reduces the moisture released into the atmosphere decreasing rainfall and leading to drought. Slash-and-burn forest clearing in the Amazon. In terms of biome classification a tropical rainforest is considered a lowland equatorial evergreen rainforest. Within these belts, especially in continental interiors, deserts formed (see desert: Origin). Fact 21: 1 out of 4 people globally depend on forests for their livelihoods. The tropical rainforest has a very constant climate and is very wet, having between 1500 and 2500 millimeters of rain each year. The most popular rainforest is also the largest tropical rainforest. In 2017 alone, we lost 15.8 million hectares of tropical forests; all told, humans have destroyed nearly half of the world’s original forest cover. They can be found in Alaska and Canada, as well as Asia, Africa and Latin America. *The tropical rainforests have different layers; the emergent layer, canopy layer, understory layer, and forest floor layer. Fact 45: A lake inside a rainforest on the Caribbean island of Dominica sizzles at around 88°C. Tropical rainforests, which worldwide make up one of Earth’s largest biomes (major life zones), are dominated by broad-leaved trees that form a dense upper canopy (layer of foliage) and contain a diverse array of vegetation and other life. Station Leader, 1996 Australian National Antarctic Research Expedition to Macquarie Island, Australian... Rainforest vegetation grows along the northern coast of Ecuador. There are over 2,500 different vine species in the tropical rainforest. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Today tropical forests, more than any other ecosystem, are experiencing habitat alteration and species extinction on a greater scale and at a more rapid pace than at any other time in their history—at least since the major extinction event (the K–T extinction) at the end of the Cretaceous Period, some 66 million years ago (see Sidebar: Status of the World’s Tropical Forests). (And What to Do With Old Junk Mail), Can You Recycle Lighters? Each one is perfect for survival in the moist Jungle. Tropical rainforests are wet and hot year-round and have nutrient poor soil (most of the nutrients are… Fact 39: In the moist rainforests of South and Central America, sloths move so slowly that algae are able to grow in their fur and also carry beetles and cockroaches in its fur! This type of habitat is very different in comparison to many of the other habitats that you are used to being around. Try to learn more about the tropical rainforests and what you can do to help preserve them. The tropical rainforest is very rainy, as its name implies. The rainfall gets at least 250cm and can reach up to 400-450 inches in one year. Fact 38: Some rainforest monkeys are omnivores, eating both animals and plants. Top 10 Facts: Rainforest habitats are forests located around the tropics, which is a zone around the equator. The tropical rainforest is a fascinating part of ecology to study, with its huge variety of plants and animals. About 1.6 billion people, more than 25% of the world’s population, rely on forest resources for their livelihoods, according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, and most of them (1.2 billion) depend on rainforests for their daily needs. Most of them cannot live anywhere else because they depend on the environment of the rainforest for their most basic needs. They are the temperate rainforests and tropical rainforests. (And Ways To Protect Peonies), Do Deer Eat Roses? Unless you strongly believe in Elon Musk‘s idea of making Mars as another habitable planet, do remember that there really is no 'Planet B' in this whole universe. Many commercially available antibiotics, anesthetics, antiseptics, cough mixtures, enzymes, hormones, laxatives, are also derived from rainforest plants and herbs. The Tropical Rainforest Rainforest Series, Part 1 - by Mikki Sadil Tropical rainforests are among the most mysterious of all geographical biomes in the world. Five families—Amborellaceae, Austrobaileyaceae, Degeneriaceae, Eupomatiaceae, and Himantandraceae—are restricted to rainforests in the tropical Australasian region. This has led some authorities to suggest that the original cradle of angiosperm evolution might lie in Gondwanaland, a supercontinent of the Southern Hemisphere thought to have existed in the Mesozoic Era (252 to 66 million years ago) and consisted of Africa, South America, Australia, peninsular India, and Antarctica. Currently, 121 prescription drugs sold worldwide come from plant-derived sources. The tropical rainforest is a biome with a constant temperature and a high rainfall. The Tropical Rainforest Geography . Most of the smaller, more delicate plants that are so widespread in the world today evolved later, ultimately from tropical rainforest ancestors. The tropical rainforest biome is an ecosystem that covers about 7% of the Earth’s surface. About; Contact . Within them it is possible to recognize “hot spots” of plant and animal diversity that have been interpreted as glacial refugia. Tropical rainforests regulate local climate by providing shade and returning water vapour to the atmosphere, humidifying and cooling the air; they also provide valuable pollination services. (And Ways to Reuse Old Lighters), World’s 10 Most Threatened Biodiversity Hotspots, Can You Recycle a Mattress? Species have adapted to the conditions of the rainforest, eg trees and plants have shallow-reaching roots to absorb nutrients from the thin fertile layer in the soil. It is no surprise, therefore, to find the greatest diversity of flowering plants today in the tropical rainforests where they first evolved. Tropical forests and deforestation in the early 21st century. Fact 6: Rainforests help to regulate the temperatures around the world and the weather patterns as well. Tropical rainforests are rainforests that occur in areas of tropical rainforest climate in which there is no dry season – all months have an average precipitation of at least 60 mm – and may also be referred to as lowland equatorial evergreen rainforest. Structure, Components and Examples of an Ecosystem, 25+ Spectacular Facts About the Amazon Rainforest That You May Not Know About, 40 Remarkable Ways To Reduce Your Carbon Footprint, What is a Green Building and Benefits and Goals of a Green Building, 60% of anticancer drugs originate from natural sources, a football pitch vanished every six seconds, Can You Recycle Frying Pans? A Tropical Rainforest is a hot, humid, and flourishing dense forest, usually found around the equator. Facts about Rainforest will impress the people with the detail information of the forests, which have high level of rainfalls.

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